We might be aware of the most commonly discussed psychological disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar, obsessive compulsive disorder etc, but there are several unusual disorders that we might not have heard of, more so because they are rare or unknown or just bizarre. Given below is a list of not-so-common disorders that really exist.
Erotomania is a rare disorder in which an individual has a delusional belief that a person, especially of higher social status like a celebrity falls in love with him or her and makes amorous advances towards them. While the pursuit often involves letter-writing, e-mails, gifts and telephone calls, it can escalate to surveillance and stalking. In fact, denials of love and contact are interpreted as encoded messages of love and devotion, thus deepening the delusional belief. Medication, combined with psychotherapy, is the standard treatment approach for this disorder. Hospitalization may be necessary if the person has become dangerous to the self or others. Antipsychotic medication is often used to treat such disorders.
Aboulomania, a generally unknown mental disorder, is characterized by crippling indecision, or as psychiatrists term it, “paralysis of the will”. People suffering from aboulomania appear to be generally fit and mentally normal. However, if they have to make the simplest of decisions like choosing a dress to wear or going out for a walk, they run into a mental blockade of indecisiveness. They experience such anxiety while taking these simple decisions that their normal day-to-day functioning is hampered. Psychotherapy is the main method of treatment for aboulomania.
Lycanthropy is a mental disorder in which the patient believes that he is a wolf or some other animal. The condition is often classified as a self-identity disorder subdivided into various types. In fact, the disorder is largely considered to be an idiosyncratic expression of a psychotic episode caused by another condition such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or clinical depression. Clinical lycanthropy can be usually subsided by medical treatment (neuroleptic drugs) and psychological therapy.
Walking Corpse Syndrome
Walking Corpse Syndrome or Cotard’s syndrome is a rare mental illness which makes people think that they are either dead, partly dead or do not exist. It is a type of delusion which is usually associated with the denial of self-existence and has been linked with disorders such as depression, psychosis and schizophrenia. There is no exact treatment of this disorder; however a combination of pharmacological treatments (mono-therapeutic and multi-therapeutic) using antidepressant, antipsychotic, and mood stabilizing drugs, coupled with psychotherapy sessions, can help a person recover.
The Capgras delusion is a disorder where a person has a delusional misidentification syndrome that a friend, spouse, parent, or other close family member (or pet) has been replaced by an identical-looking impostor. People suffering from this disorder believe that they exist in a world of impersonators. This feeling in a delusional world of doubles can be so alarming that it drives the Capgras sufferer to psychotic behavior. Cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacological treatment can help in overcoming the delusions.
The disorders listed above are not-so-common mental disorders which can affect ordinary people like you and me. If you or your loved one is showing signs of any mental disorders, it is time to seek help of a medical expert immediately. The 24/7 Mental Health Helpline can connect you to specialists who can help you regain your psychological and emotional well-being. Chat online or call at 855-653-8178 for more information.