Loneliness as a public health concern

Loneliness as a public health concern

“Solitude expresses the value of being alone, while loneliness expresses the pain of being alone.”-Tillich 1959

There are many factors that can affect why somebody gets the feeling of being lonely. Sometimes it could just be due to a slow week of socializing, other times it might be due to rejection or lack of a significant other. Somebody could be in a crowded room full of people and still feel lonely. Everyone feels lonely at some point or another but when loneliness turns into continuous social isolation, there is a need for concern. Continue reading

Mentally ill in prison: Isolation in solitary confinement exacerbates conditions

Mentally ill in prison: Isolation in solitary confinement exacerbates conditions

There are various reasons why mentally ill adults and juveniles in county jails, state or federal prisons aren’t advocated for. The main reason stems from an inability to care for themselves. The mentally ill population of county jails, as well as state and federal prisons – usually slips through the cracks, and as a result of any behavioral issues displayed, often due to lack of proper psychiatric treatment, are sent to solitary confinement. In most cases, those in solitary confinement have either displayed an inability to recognize and abide by prison rules, or they may be at a high risk of being physically harmed due to their mental illness. Continue reading

What is a “Delusional Disorder”?

What is a “Delusional Disorder”?

Delusional disorder is a type of psychosis that can be incredibly difficult to deal with, or be around. Most people would find it very hard to understand how somebody could actually see or hear one thing, but fail to understand the reality of the situation based on internal belief systems. Delusions are paranoid thoughts of actions or situations that haven’t happened, yet a person has an unshakable belief that these events have actually occurred. Delusions can also be described as hallucinations. Common characteristics of a person with DD thinks he or she is being followed, poisoned, conspired against, loved from afar, mistreated, or has a special talent or ability that he or she really doesn’t have. Continue reading

Using psychodynamic therapy to treat depression

Using psychodynamic therapy to treat depression

Mental health can be significantly stunned or stunted when affected by unfortunate circumstances such as a mental health disorder. Depression, for example, is a long lasting illness that can affect a person’s physical, mental and emotional state of being. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, major depression is defined as severe symptoms that interfere with one’s ability to work, sleep, study, eat and enjoy life. A depressive episode can occur only once in a person’s lifetime, but more often, a person will endure several depressive episodes throughout their life. Continue reading

What is intermittent explosive disorder?

What is intermittent explosive disorder?

Intermittent explosive disorder is a condition characterized by impulsive acts of aggression, as opposed to planned violent or aggressive acts. The diagnosis itself is one of exclusion by eliminating the possibility of other disorders and symptoms, as the characteristic traits of IED are very similar to those of other mental health disorders. People that have been diagnosed with IED have symptoms that are very similar to bipolar disorder. In a manic state, a person can act out in fits of rage; people with IED can also blackout during their fit or spell, which are also symptoms associated with bipolar disorder during a manic state. Although there has been very little research done in regards to IED, according to the National Institute on Mental Health, patients with IED are said to have a high propensity of a co-occurring bipolar disorder. (NIMH 2006) Continue reading

Common warning signs of suicidal ideation

Common warning signs of suicidal ideation

According to the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, an American dies due to committing suicide every 12.95 minutes. Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States (AFSP, 2015). There are many reasons why a person might feel suicidal with factors ranging from drug abuse to mental health disorders and it’s not an uncommon occurrence. Those with mental health disorders are more likely to actually commit suicide than those without mental health disorders (Peterson, 2014). Whatever the circumstances, treatment should be sought out if verbal or behavioral warning signs of suicide present themselves. Suicidal ideation or thoughts of suicide, can range from simply considering the idea to a detailing exact plans of the act. Continue reading

The many different faces of Bipolar disorder, March 30, 2015 World Bipolar Day

The many different faces of Bipolar disorder, March 30, 2015 World Bipolar Day

Bipolar disorder comprises a spectrum of mental health irregularities characterized by moods that swing between poles of mania and depression. These mood swings can range from mild to severe. All bipolar types experience manic, hypomanic and mixed bipolar symptoms to different degrees (Moadel, 2013). There are significant elements that make up what bipolar disorder can look like. Within the spectrum of bipolar disorder are two primary “types” — bipolar I and bipolar II. These types delineate varying degrees of mania and depression. The pattern, frequency, duration and intensity of the manic and depressive episodes will differ and not necessarily remain consistent in their patterns. Continue reading

Dialectical behavior therapy for borderline personality disorder

Dialectical behavior therapy for borderline personality disorder

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a very serious personality disorder. It is traditionally marked by unstable moods, emotional dysregulation, impulsivity, interpersonal issues, self-harm, suicidal behavior and unstable relationships. Borderline personality disorder carries a lot of the same attributes as other personality disorders hence the name “borderline” personality disorder. There hasn’t been a specific gene that has been shown to directly cause BPD, however studies in twins suggest this illness has strong hereditary links. Environmental factors such as traumatic life events, childhood abuse or neglect from parents is also said to put people at a higher risk of developing BPD. Because of the trauma factor in BPD, it is very similar to PTSD. Continue reading

Dealing with stress and its dangers

Dealing with stress and its dangers

Just as stress and anxiety can cause a hormonal imbalance, so too can hormonal imbalances cause stress. An excess of a thyroid hormone can trigger panic attacks. Stress can also trigger excessive cortisol production which leads to further anxiety symptoms. Other natural causes such as menstruation, adrenaline release and pregnancy can also cause stress and anxiety. Continue reading

Alternative treatments for ADHD

Alternative treatments for ADHD

The rise in misdiagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has resulted in an increase in the abuse of ADHD medications. The importance of finding alternative ways to combat lack of concentration, disinterest, depression and hyperactivity is more important than ever in today’s age. ADHD medications are a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, both of which are central nervous system stimulants used to restore the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain. A study done by Dr. Lawrence Diller in 2014, noted how the United States Drug Enforcement Administration maintains records of the annual quotas approved for production by drug companies in the U.S. Annual quotas for approved production are probably the best indicator of the rates of which the drugs are being used.

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