Dialectical behavior therapy for borderline personality disorder

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a very serious personality disorder. It is traditionally marked by unstable moods, emotional dysregulation, impulsivity, interpersonal issues, self-harm, suicidal behavior and unstable relationships. Borderline personality disorder carries a lot of the same attributes as other personality disorders hence the name “borderline” personality disorder. There hasn’t been a specific gene that has been shown to directly cause BPD, however studies in twins suggest this illness has strong hereditary links. Environmental factors such as traumatic life events, childhood abuse or neglect from parents is also said to put people at a higher risk of developing BPD. Because of the trauma factor in BPD, it is very similar to PTSD. Continue reading

Dealing with stress and its dangers

Just as stress and anxiety can cause a hormonal imbalance, so too can hormonal imbalances cause stress. An excess of a thyroid hormone can trigger panic attacks. Stress can also trigger excessive cortisol production which leads to further anxiety symptoms. Other natural causes such as menstruation, adrenaline release and pregnancy can also cause stress and anxiety. Continue reading

Alternative treatments for ADHD

The rise in misdiagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has resulted in an increase in the abuse of ADHD medications. The importance of finding alternative ways to combat lack of concentration, disinterest, depression and hyperactivity is more important than ever in today’s age. ADHD medications are a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, both of which are central nervous system stimulants used to restore the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain. A study done by Dr. Lawrence Diller in 2014, noted how the United States Drug Enforcement Administration maintains records of the annual quotas approved for production by drug companies in the U.S. Annual quotas for approved production are probably the best indicator of the rates of which the drugs are being used.

Continue reading

Cognitive behavioral therapy for panic attacks

When a person has a panic attack, he or she typically experiences the feeling of impending or current harm along with symptoms such as weakness, dizziness, sweaty palms or a pounding heart. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th Edition, the “attack” can last anywhere from ten minutes to an hour, sometimes even longer. Panic attacks can cause serious problems for those dealing with them. Continue reading

Mindfulness found to be as effective as cognitive behavioral therapy

Meditation and mindfulness have been incorporated more frequently into treatment programs due to their therapeutic effects, but not much is known about how they compare to more traditional approaches such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). A new study has found that group mindfulness treatment is as effective as individual CBT in patients with depression and anxiety, reopening the debate on mindfulness-based practices in therapy. Continue reading

Mindfulness for mental health

For the past few decades the phrase mindfulness has been associated with spirituality, psychology and psychiatry as well as relaxation techniques and meditation. The philosophy’s overall premise is a simplistic view of focusing on the present moment. The word mindfulness comes from the Pali word sati, which translates to “awareness, attention and memory.” Mindfulness has been combined with other psychological therapies and has been used in conjunction with yoga and other physically based meditative exercises. Continue reading

Identifying and treating PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) initially developed from the struggle of Vietnam War veterans suffering and coping with the psychological and physiological after-effects of combat. The National Institute of Mental Health describes PTSD as an anxiety disorder which develops after a traumatic event and it can be caused by various types of traumatic experiences. Child abuse, incest, domestic violence, exposure to death and dying, auto collision, repeated physical abuse, repeated mental abuse, medical complications and/or surgery are all situations which can result in PTSD. Continue reading

Why cognitive behavioral therapy is useful

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a combination of behavioral and cognitive interventions guided by principles of applied science. The behavioral interventions seek to decrease negative behaviors and increase positive ones by modifying the rewards and consequences. Cognitive interventions aim to alter negative thoughts, self-statements or beliefs. Continue reading

What to know about mental health medications

Oftentimes, when a patient is diagnosed with a mental health disorder, they will undergo a treatment plan which includes both therapy and medication. Whereas a psychologist will meet with a patient to assist them with cognitive and behavioral therapies and other coping skills, the role of the psychiatrist differs. A psychiatrist is licensed to prescribe medication and will determine the specific type, along with the amount, that is right for them. It is important to note that medications are not intended to be a cure for sufferers, but they will help treat symptoms so that they are able to better function in their lives. Continue reading

What is seasonal depression?

As the seasons change and our days get shorter, many people continue on with their lives, simply adjusting to fewer hours of daylight. In some cases, a person may not have such an easy experience. With fewer hours of light during the day, some people may be facing a change in their moods. This is known as Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) or seasonal depression. SAD is a type of depression that is related to the changes in the seasons, normally causing depressive symptoms that start in the fall and continuing throughout the winter months. In some rare cases, SAD may occur in the spring and summer months. In most cases these symptoms will start off as mild but will become more severe as the season progresses, which highlights the need for someone to get proper treatment to combat the issue so it doesn’t put a halt on their day to day life. Continue reading