What is a “Delusional Disorder”?

What is a “Delusional Disorder”?

Delusional disorder is a type of psychosis that can be incredibly difficult to deal with, or be around. Most people would find it very hard to understand how somebody could actually see or hear one thing, but fail to understand the reality of the situation based on internal belief systems. Delusions are paranoid thoughts of actions or situations that haven’t happened, yet a person has an unshakable belief that these events have actually occurred. Delusions can also be described as hallucinations. Common characteristics of a person with DD thinks he or she is being followed, poisoned, conspired against, loved from afar, mistreated, or has a special talent or ability that he or she really doesn’t have.

Science suggests that delusional disorders could be genetic, as most people with this disorder also have had relatives with it as well. Studies show that DD could also be caused by environmental factors such as stress, drugs and alcohol. (Goldberg 2014)

According to Joseph Goldberg of Northwestern University Medical School, the following are the different types of delusional disorders:

Somatic DD – believes that he or she has a major medical problem or physical ailment that is not actually present. This isn’t to say that everybody with Somatic DD who believes they have a medical condition never has one.

Persecutory DD – people with this delusional disorder believe that they are being spied on, or mistreated, when in fact they are not.

Mixed DD – when two types of DDs are present, such as having somatic and persecutory DD at the same time.

Erotomanic DD – when a person with DD believes that another person is in love with him or her. This can often turn into an unsafe stalking situation, if the person with DD seeks out the person he or she believes is in love with him or her. In general this type of person has a past history of obsessively targeting particular individuals and deciding that that individual is in love with him or her.

Grandiose DD – when a person believes that he or she has a particular type of power, ability, knowledge or identity. An example of this would be somebody stating that he or she is a god, a profit, or a superhero of some kind.

Jealous DD – when a person believes that his or her significant other is cheating, even with obtaining a sufficient amount of evidence to the contrary. This is not a common case of jealousy, but a deranged obsession with the idea and thought that somebody is actually cheating.

Treatment for delusional disorder

Treating delusional disorder through psychotherapy, medication and partial-hospitalization is an effective way for the patient to learn coping skills and life-skills. After a qualified professional is able to evaluate, diagnose and treat the type of DD a patient has, a proper after-care plan should be considered, as well as routine visits to a psychotherapist. Our trained staff can guide you to a treatment center near you to help you heal and obtain the clarity of mind you deserve. Call us today.

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